Haggai 1 kjv commentary analysis application bible study. Haggai is the second shortest book in the old testament obadiah is shorter, and is quoted by the new testament once compare heb. Complete points to ponder as directed by your teacher. Use notes and commentary below to help you as you read and study the book of haggai. Haggai blends history and prophecy like no other minor prophet. The prophet haggai was active in jerusalem in or around the year 520 bc. Mar 16, 2017 today we study the prophet haggai and discover yhwhs passion about his house. Overview of the book of haggai third millennium ministries. Information about book of haggai in the dictionary, synonyms and antonyms.
Today we study the prophet haggai and discover yhwhs passion about his house. The book of haggai was written in approximately 520 b. There are also chronological prophecies in the book of haggai which dovetail with chronological prophecies in the following book of zechariah. Outline of the book of haggai haggais work haggai was a prophet of god that prophesied to the jews who had returned to jerusalem from babylon during the year 536 bc i. Most of these books are collections of discourses and visions, but haggai mixes short messages from god with the way people respond to them. Introduction the prophet haggai was active in jerusalem in or around the year 520 bc. Here, also, is where we discover another surprising mention of the. Haggai 1 commentary learn more about haggai 1 here. The book of haggai is only one composition among a rather rich corpus of hebrew literature of the sixth and fifth centuries b. Book of haggai overview insight for living ministries. God rebukes the returning remnant for their misplaced priorities. It is made a signal epocha in our saviours genealogy, matt. He called them to reverence and glorify god by building the temple in spite of local and official opposition.
Haggai haggai 1 kjv commentary analysis application bible study. Study haggai 1 using matthew henrys bible commentary concise to better understand scripture with full outline and verse meaning. These events that build the historical background of the book of haggai are described in detail in the book of ezra. Haggai commentary introduction lets open our bibles to the book of haggai. Verse 6 is the only verse in the book of haggai quoted in the new testament. The prophecies in the book of haggai were delivered in a four month period in 520 bc, the second year of darius the king haggai 1.
Haggai is very literal, directly addressing the economic decline and the tangible solution building the temple. Chaggai haggai judaica press translation with rashis commentary at christian translations. David guzik commentary on haggai 1, where god rebukes the returning. The book of haggai niv audio holy bible high quality and best speed book 37 duration. This commentary has been through advanced checking. Haggai 1, new international version niv the bible app. Summary of the book of haggai the story of the bible. In the seventh month, in the one and twentieth day of the month, came the word of the lord by the prophet haggai, saying, words detail. Haggais message to rebuild the temple was passionate, simple, and straightforward haggai 1. Haggai with book summary versebyverse bible commentary. Haggai spoke some 66 years after the temple was destroyed. The book of haggai was written in 520bc shortly after the first exiles returned to jerusalem. God will surely be with you as you strive to do what.
Haggai introduction commentary commentary critical and. In the second year of king darius, in the sixth month, on the first day of the month, the word of the lord came by haggai the prophet to zerubbabel the son of shealtiel, governor of judah, and to joshua the son of jehozadak, the high priest, saying. May 16, 2009 there are a number of helpful commentaries on the book of haggai, and the following are five of the best. Haggai 2 commentary james burton coffman commentaries on. Certainly there were some old men who had seen solomons temple in its splendor.
Haggais ministry, as this book records it, spanned less than four months, from the first day of the sixth month 1. Jul 04, 2010 so, the book of haggai is a call to do gods work. Most major english translations have presented the text in prose form, although a number of translators would acknowledge some poetic elements in the text. So the first prophecy in this book was a message of rebuke. The commentary on haggai in this volume was written by alec motyer, one of the most insightful and helpful old testament scholars alive today. This summary of the book of haggai provides information about the title, authors, date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the book of haggai. Israel, the northern country consisting of ten tribes, and judah, the remaining two tribes in the south. In the book of haggai, god refers to zerubbabel as my servant as king david was, and says he will make him as a signet ring, as king jehoiachin was haggai. The book of haggai is the first of the three postexile prophets. And i also hope that you will take to heart the lessons that we learn from haggai about serving the lord.
This is where we learn that the work of rebuilding the temple was interrupted for around 14 years but taken up again as a result of the prophetic ministry of haggai and zechariah in the second year of king darius. The book of haggai, also known as the book of aggeus, is a book of the hebrew bible or. In this book of haggai were given five of haggai s messages from the lord to his discouraged and somewhat unmotivated people. Commentary on the book of haggai relevant bible teaching. In this book, haggai challenges israel after the exile to remain faithful to their god and rebuild the temple. An easyenglish translation and commentary 1200 word vocabulary on the book of haggai. The book of the twelve prophets was originally on one parchment roll because of the brevity of the text, and together formed one book of the 24 books of hebrew scripture. Key personalities are haggai, zerubbabel, and joshua.
Haggai and zechariah were commissioned by jehovah haggai 1. So i would summarize this book with this title encouragements to do gods will. The book of haggai probably contains poetic oracles framed by narratival sections 1. It is a short book, consisting of only two chapters. According to haggais message, if the people would place god at the center of their lives, they would realize the future blessings that god had in store for his people.
Commentary on the book of haggai haggai 1 1in the second year of darius the king, on the first day of the sixth month, the word of the lord came by the prophet haggai to zerubbabel the son of shealtiel, governor of judah, and to joshua the son of jehozadak, the high priest, saying. The temple was still in ruins despite some work recorded in the book of ezra. The book of haggai, also called the prophecy of aggeus, the 10th of 12 old testament books that bear the names of the minor prophets. Information and translations of book of haggai in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. A summary, synopsis or recap is a shortened version of the original. We know nothing about haggai other than what the book of ezra mentions and what we learn from the prophets own book. Had the israelites returned to israel crom captivity in babylonia by this time.
The other is the prophet whose book well be studying today haggai. Translators could also find the translated bible text useful, as the writer translated from the hebrew text. Haggai is also mentioned twice in the book of ezra, the priest who oversaw the work. And i hope that by looking at this book you will be challenged and encouraged to do what god is calling you to do. The book of haggai, also known as the book of aggeus, is a book of the hebrew bible or tanakh, and has its place as the thirdtolast of the minor prophets. The book closes with high expectations for zerubbabel, leaving little doubt that the book was written before the governors restoration program failed.
However, it is not at all certain that the reference in 2. Haggai preceded zechariah in the work by two months. Although it must be acknowledged that this conclusion is highly debated. The bible journey introduction to the book of haggai. The book of haggai is a reminder of the problems the people of god faced at this time, how the people courageously trusted in god. Apart from obadiah, haggai is the shortest book in the ot, but its teachings are none the less significant. Haggai the captivity in babylon gave a very remarkable turn to the affairs of the jewish church both in history and prophecy. Read book of haggai minor prophets kjv bible online.
The short prophecy of haggai is very important on the prophetic scene. The book of haggai contains messages delivered by the prophet haggai, and thus it is reasonable to consider haggai its author. These jews were led back to jerusalem to rebuild the temple of jehovah that had been destroyed by the babylonians. Gods people had returned from exile in persia in 539 19 years earlier.
Haggai and zechariah were commissioned by jehovah hag 1. Aug 30, 2017 the book of haggai niv audio holy bible high quality and best speed book 37 duration. It is a postexilic book, meaning it was written after post the captivity exile in babylon. The historical setting dates around 520 bce before the temple has been rebuilt. He exhorted them to turn from the uncleanness of their ways and to trust in gods sovereign power. They came for one major purpose to rebuild the temple that had been destroyed by babylon in.
Haggai is the tenth of the twelve prophets in the book of the twelve in hebrew scripture. Now the acts of david the king, first and last, behold, they are written in the book of samuel the seer, and in the book of nathan the prophet, and in the book of gad the seer, haggai 1. Book of haggai simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The book of hosea consists of fourteen chapters, which was the record for a minor prophet until zechariah tied it a couple centuries later. During the time of the minor prophets, the nation of israel had divided into two separate countries, each with its own government. The prophet haggai recorded his four messages to the jewish people of jerusalem in 520 bc, eighteen years after their return from exile. Haggai is the 2nd shortest book in the ot, after obadiah last sunday. Haggai summary we have detailed a brief summary of the book of haggai for bible study or sunday school lessons. Study haggai 2 using matthew henrys bible commentary concise to better understand scripture with full outline and verse meaning.
Speak now to zerubbabel the son of shealtiel, governor of judah, and to joshua the son of josedech, the high priest, and to the residue of the people. Haggai promised peace and prosperity and encouraged the leaders to embark on rebuilding the temple in jerusalem see ezra 3. Some editions of the greek septuagint and the latin vulgate versions of the book of psalms attribute authorship of some of the psalms to haggai. The people of israel had returned from exile but were experiencing economic hardship. Haggai clearly shows the consequences of disobedience 1. Haggai is the second shortest book in the ot obadiah is. In 536 bc, 70 years after the babylonian captivity began, the persian ruler cyrus gave permission for the jews to return to judah and rebuild their temple. Haggai and zechariah spoke to the israelites after their return from captivity. And if you and i respond to the rebuke god sends to us through his word like the jews did, we will receive the kind of comfort this prophecy gives. The book closes with high expectations for zerubbabel, leaving little doubt that the book was written before the. The specific mention of the second year of darius places the book in the year 520 b. Haggai zechariah malachi matthew the year was 520 bc. The book of haggai is a book of the tanakh hebrew bible and of the old testament, written by the prophet haggai.
The book of haggai, the 10th of 12 old testament books that bear the names of the minor prophets. Haggai sought to challenge the people of god concerning their priorities. Haggai was a prophet who, along with zechariah, encouraged the returned exiles to rebuild the temple see ezr. After thousands of years, the book of haggai remains largely unique among the books of old testament prophets for one key reason. It was written in 520 bce, some 18 years after cyrus had taken the kingdom of babylon and made a law in 538 bce, so that the captive jews could return to judea. We are down to the last 3 books of the minor prophets and also the last 3 chronologically haggai, zechariah, and malachi. Proper usage and audio pronunciation of the word book of haggai. Haggai is among the most carefully and precisely dated books in the entire bible. Haggai called them not to be discouraged because this temple would not be quite as richly decorated as solomons. The book of haggai is narrative history and prophetic oracle. Haggai ministered among the jews who had returned to judea after some 70 years of exile in babylon. Jan 02, 2020 haggai called them not to be discouraged because this temple would not be quite as richly decorated as solomons.1280 500 1237 370 927 1224 1111 923 395 620 607 1391 1375 897 632 2 152 1052 329 1035 1281 137 464 1316 1061 848 104 92 1318 742 1411 1532 491 1056 757 553 1318 775 1305 954 1300 1297 784 634