A reluctance motor, in its various incarnations, may be known as a. Modeling and control of solidrotor synchronous reluctance. The designs are simulated using the latest software, prototyped and then tested using our range of dynamometers in combination with application specific testing in the customer application. Notchtype rotor notch areas are highreluctance pole areas are known as salient poles number of salient poles must match the number of stator poles flat and barrier slot rotors operation rotor accelerates towards synchronous speed at a critical speed, the lowreluctance paths provided by the salient poles will. The load inertia should be within the limits, for proper effectiveness. The article is devoted to the comparative research of performances of controlled drives with a synchronous reluctance motor synrm and with an induction motor im in a pump application. The above mentioned waveforms are executed by simulation method with the help of the mat lab software.
The resistance of the rotor must be very small and the combined inertia of the rotor and the load should be small to run the motor as a synchronous motor. Synchronous reluctance machine design i abstract the synchronous reluctance motor synrm has been studied. New reluctance control license enables sensorless motor. Sram is the second generation of synchronous reluctance motor, it provides high efficiency and peak power over the whole operational range. Note that switched reluctance motors and synchronous reluctance motors not the same. Synchronousreluctance drive system drive technology usa. Schematic diagram of a 4phase 86 switched reluctance motor. Elementary 3phase round rotor synchronous generator. Analytical design of a synchronous reluctance motor srm.
Reluctance motor subtypes include synchronous, variable, switched and variable stepping. Reluctance motors can deliver high power density at low cost, making them attractive for many. What are the applications of synchronous reluctance motor. Animated phasors of an induction motor torquespeed curve. Model the dynamics of switched reluctance motor simulink. Synchronous reluctance motors process performance motors. A reluctance motor is a type of synchronous electric motor which uses the phenomenon of reluctance to induce nonpermanent magnetic poles on the rotor. Looking back to the history to jump ahead in the future. Up to 94% efficiency, much more efficient than acim alternate current induction motor machine in all speed. A generator with this type of design can run at a speed, higher than that of other conventional generators, having an armature with strong magnetic property. Its stator winding which consists of a we provide threephase supply to threephase stator winding, and dc to the rotor winding.
A synchronous electric motor is an ac motor in which, at steady state, the rotation of the shaft is synchronized with the frequency of the supply current. In transient state from start to reach synchronous speed, the motor characteristics are determined by conductor bars, and the characteristic profile has an irregular form as shown in fig. The stator of the single phase reluctance and induction motor are same. The mat lab code for the above mentioned waveform is as follows. To save computation time, rather than calculating the ac losses for each simulation in the optimization, i solved for the losses in a simplified geometry a simple tube with 50 mm od, and 42 mm id, the same dimensions as the stator back iron over the entire space of frequencies and. This greatly simplifies mechanical design as power does not have to be delivered to a moving part, but it complicates. Aircraft electric general electric motor design and construction discussion switched reluctance motor srm synchronous reluctance motor synrm thread tools nov 06, 2016, 08. New reluctance control license enables sensorless motor control down to standstill firmware 4. Pdf efficiency analysis of synchronous reluctance motors. Electronics drive technology project semester 1718. Motion of space vectors in an induction motor operating with step loads.
Synchronous reluctance machine design 1 1 introduction the purpose of this report is to present information necessary for developing a suitable synchronous reluctance motor synrm rotor geometry design procedure. The influence of the major parameters on the motor performance has been theoretically determined. Reluktance motors employ the magentic reluctance principle the natural attraction of an electromagnet to iron. Right, first i only wanted to talk about switched reluctance motors srm, but decided that since synchronous reluctance motors synrm are the same species, why not talk about those too. Switched reluctance motors exploit the fact that the forces from a magnetic field on the iron in the rotor can be up to ten times greater than the magnetic forces on the current carrying conductors. The most common type of 3 phase motors are synchronous motors and induction motors. While stepper motors are typically chosen for positioning applications, where step integrity and high resolution are important, switched reluctance motors are used in applications where power density is a primary concern. Sep 25, 2012 abb synchronous reluctance motor and drive package combines conventional stator technology, a new magnetfree rotor design and a topoftheline industrial drive together with new software. Most electric motors operate through the interaction between the motors magnetic field and electric current in a wire winding to generate force in the form of torque applied on the motors shaft. Drives with synchronous reluctance technology are characterized by very high levels of efficiency, particularly at part load. The switched reluctance motor srm is a type of stepper motor, an electric motor that runs by reluctance torque.
A reluctance motor torque is produced due to the tendency of the rotor to align itself in the minimum reluctance position, when the speed of the motor is close to the synchronous speed. Ie4 synrm motor and drive package induction motor on the outside, innovation inside synchronous reluctance motors combine innovative rotor and conventional stator technology. Mathematical analysis consider an elementary reluctance motor as shown in the fig. We know about different types of synchronous motors, apart from all these motor works based on reluctance. Our experience ranges from a few watts to hundreds of kilowatts. The basic features of this motor with regard to the other types of motors are shown. Sep 01, 2017 switched reluctance motors have fewer poles and a larger stepping angle than stepper motors.
Mathematical analysis consider an elementary reluctance motor. The objective of this research is to derive a model for a solidrotor synchronous reluctance machine and provide a control scheme based on the model which has stable performance at high speed. Abb synchronous reluctance motor and drive package. It generates torque on the principle, that any unmagnetised magnetic material will try to align itself along the path of least magnetic reluctance path. When threephase electric conductors are placed in certain geometrical positions i. Available in any size upon request, sram is an exceptional balance of high performance and low cost thanks to its rare earth elementfree design.
Modeling and control of solidrotor synchronous reluctance machines based on rotor flux dynamics jaedo park, claude kalev, and heath hofmann pentadyne power corporation, chatsworth, ca 911 usa the pennsylvania state university, university park, pa 16802 usa we present a model suitable for use in a vector control algorithm for synchronous. This thesis presents a control system for a highspeed solidrotor synchronous reluctance. Due to the wide use of electric motors in the world take into account that. Synchronous reluctance drive system from siemens in successful operation duration. An electric motor is an electrical machine that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy.
Synchronous motors contain multiphase ac electromagnets on the stator of the motor that create a magnetic field which rotates in time with the oscillations of the line. Although introduced over a century ago, electric motors continue to experience bursts of innovation and recent years have seen remarkable progress in electric motor efficiency improvements. Its principle is almost similar to salient pole synchronous motor. Abb is about to launch the ie4 synrm, a package that combines a motor, acs850 drive and latest software. To develop positive torque, the currents in the phases of a srm must be to the rotor position. Principle of operation of switched reluctance motor. The following figure shows the ideal waveforms phase a inductance and current in a 64 srm. The tradeoff for this lowcost construction is a more complex drive with more switches and complex control techniques to achieve a smooth torque operation. Characteristics and work principles of switched reluctance sr motor photo credit. Reluctance motor a single phase synchronous reluctance motor is basically the same as the single cage type induction motor. The advantages of the synchronous reluctance motor ee. Induction motor im, permanent magnet motor pm, or synchronous reluctance motor operation sil3 iec 62061, ple iso 8491 safety ratings embedded modbus communication. The pear shaped gearbox provides a starting torque of 100ozin 700 mnm at 1 rpm at rated votage. Here we will discuss construction and working principle of reluctance motor.
Switched reluctance synchronous motors have the characteristics of high efficiency at synchronous speed without the need for rare earth permanent magnets. That means productivity improvements and saves costs for encoders and cables. As the rotor rotates, the inductance of the phase windings of a machine varies between the inductance. These uniquely designed machines enable the use of a distributed sinusoidal ac stator windings taking advantage of the cost effectiveness of standard induction stator construction. The machine is designed in such a way that it is based on both synchronous and asynchronous type and in this. As an integrated drive system, the reluctance motor and inverter are carefully coordinated and enable a particularly economical operation. Based on the type of input we have classified it into single phase and 3 phase motors. Design of synchronous reluctance motor for hybrid electric. One form of reluctance motor is shown in cross section in the figure. The reluctance motor requires the position feedback so that the motor phase commutation can be controlled.
The operation of reluctance motor with diagram a media to. Oct 26, 2012 the threephase synchronous reluctance motor synrm is presented as a possible alternative in allelectric ship applications. To achieve this a suitable theoretical model is essential, thus a simple but complete motor model is developed. The threephase synchronous reluctance motor synrm is presented as a possible alternative in allelectric ship applications. Here is a view of a synrm synchronous reluctance motor in order to understand the working principle of such motor, you should realise that the synrm rotor has neither a conducting short circuit cageas the im doesnor permanent magnets or field. Schematic diagram of a fourphase 86 switched reluctance motor.
The synchronousreluctance drive system features high control dynamics and high speed stability in encoderless operation. By the use of the position sensors the feedback control can be provided. Synchronous reluctance technology combines the performance of the permanent magnet motor with the simplicity and servicefriendliness of an induction motor. Ie4 synchronous reluctance motordrive package on sale. Developed in partnership with siemens and specifically designed to work. If load is excessive motor may not pull into synchronism and if already running it may pull out of synchronism. Jul 11, 2019 principle of operation synchronous motor synchronous motors are a doubly excited machine, i.
Series 1295 pmac synchronous gear motor this permanent magnet synchronous motor is offered in a wide range of operating voltages and output shaft configurations. Switched reluctance motor srm synchronous reluctance. You get the performance of a permanent magnet motor together with the costefficiency, simplicity and servicefriendliness of an induction motor. Electric machines, space vectors, and magnetic field. Reluctance motors can deliver high power density at.
Motor torque can be maximized by synchronizing the. Characteristics and work principles of switched reluctance. The switch reluctance motor has similar mechanical design as a generator, in that loads are switched in a pattern synchronous to the flow of current in the switch. Sr motor principle and related torque general equation. Other articles where reluctance motor is discussed. Electric motors can be powered by direct current dc sources, such as from batteries, motor vehicles.
Switched reluctance sr motor a switched reluctance sr or variable reluctance motor does not contain any permanent magnets. It generates torque through magnetic reluctance reluctance motor subtypes include synchronous, variable, switched and variable stepping. Synchronous reluctance motordrive package for industrial use. Although permanent magnet motors are the first that come to mind when we talk about motion control, the high price of rareearth magnets has driven oems to consider other solutions like switched reluctance sr motors.
Even the sensor less position control is possible if more complex electronic circuits and the software are used. Jun 11, 2017 the operation of the synchronous induction motor is explored in this video. Thus finally the reluctance motor runs as a synchronous motor. Space vector motion in an induction motor under step loads. Aim and scope of the project the aim of the project is to design a real synchronous switched reluctance motor and analyze how the key parameters, some of which are great indicators of the good performance of the motor. A singlephase linestart synchronous reluctance motor lssynrm has both conductor bars and flux barriers in the rotor. Switched reluctance motor the switched reluctance motor. A reluctance motor is a type of electric motor that induces nonpermanent magnetic poles on the ferromagnetic rotor. Pdf design of synchronous reluctance motor for hybrid. Electrical motors are an electromechanical device that converts electrical energy to mechanical energy. Reluctance motors operate on the principle that forces are established that tend to cause iron poles carrying a magnetic flux to align with each.
Synchronous reluctance motors were developed to provide an efficient constant speed machine. These machines can directly replace applications of standard induction motors and or permanent magnet motors to achieve efficient operation. Jun 16, 2016 basically the synchronous reluctance motor is a true ac rotating field machine, requiring a balanced polyphase sinusoidal supply into a distributed winding, which for all intents and purposes is identical to that of the induction machine of the same power rating. How do switched reluctance motors differ from stepper motors. The rotor has neither magnets nor windings and suffers virtually no power losses. The synchronous reluctance motor synrm has been around for nearly a century, and yet it is only in recent decades with improvements in rotor design, power converters and control technologies that it has become commercially viable as a high efficiency alternative to the induction motor. Synrm synchronous reluctance motors kaeser compressors has redesigned its sigma frequency control sfc 45, 55, 75s, 90s and 110s compressors with advanced synrm motor drive combinations.
Due to the complex rotor geometry in the synrm, a suitable and simple combined theoretical. Synchronous reluctance motor intoduction concepts youtube. Pmsm permanent magnet synchronous machines pmsm have of course permanent magnets in their rotor. The structure of the motor and specifically the structure of its rotor are analyzed, while the basic operating principles are presented and references on commonly used control. Switched reluctance motors and brushless dc motor operation. Abb synchronous reluctance motor and drive package combines conventional stator technology, a new magnetfree rotor design and a topoftheline industrial drive together with new software. The reluctance motor has basically two main parts called stator and rotor. Unlike common brushed dc motor types, power is delivered to windings in the stator case rather than the rotor. Abb synchronous reluctance motor and drive package technology.
The new generation of synchronous reluctance motor. They are capable to achieve very high efficiency level and to gain the maximum efficiency class ie4 of iec 6003430 standard. What is the difference between synchronous reluctance motor. The variable reluctance motor is based on the principle that an unrestrained piece of iron will move to complete a magnetic flux path with minimum reluctance, the magnetic analog of electrical resistance. The rotor of a reluctance motor is a squirrel cage with some rotor teeth removed in the certain places to provide the desired number of.
Reluctance motors maccon develops and supplies both switched reluctance sr as well as synchronous reluctance syr motors. Synchronous reluctance motors have the characteristics of high efficiency at synchronous speed without the need for rare earth permanent magnets. Synchronous reluctance motor ideal for pumphydraulic applications. Animated phasors of an induction motor torquespeed curve 19. The package will be available in europe, the middle east and africa. To start with the switched reluctance motor, the torque production in the machine is explained with the help of principle of electromechanical energy produced in the coil of the machine. New synchronous motors combining reluctance and permanent magnets the new range offers high reliability, unrivalled performance and interactive commissioning. These 60125 hp units offer better partload efficiency, longer service life, and reduced maintenance costs. A technological and smart solution for ever increasing demand for high efficiency and cost reduction. This greatly simplifies mechanical design as power does not have to be delivered to a moving part, but it complicates the electrical design as some sort of switching.
In terms of efficiency and power density, synchronous reluctance motors synrms represent a major step forward in sustainable electric motor technology. They are compact, powerful and offer excellent dynamic response. The synchronous reluctance sr motors driven by variable speed inverters have been recently introduced in the industrial market. Synchronous reluctance motor for household applications. The paper deals with the design of a synchronous reluctance motor suited for hybrid electric vehicles. Some vendors claim that switched reluctance motors offer the same or better energy efficiencies than highefficiency pwm induction motors, 93% vs.
Rotor design of linestart synchronous reluctance motor to. Reluctance motors an induction motor with a modified squirrelcage rotor. Synchronousreluctance drive system drive technology. Switched reluctance motors have fewer poles and a larger stepping angle than stepper motors.
To calculate eddy current and hysteresis loss in the stator, i used the built in harmonic ac solver in femm 4. Synchronous reluctance motor has got a mounting attention in current times, as it has got lowpriced construction, fluxweakening capability, high power density, cold rotor benefit, etc. The stator of the motor has the main and auxiliary winding. If the rotating field of a large synchronous motor with salient poles is deenergized, it will still develop 10 or 15% of synchronous torque.188 590 1061 383 140 343 636 1252 470 259 1331 1337 299 238 300 462 175 592 521 2 1413 1108 721 1260 1016 596 935 877 1477 1155 676 1182